首页>大学教育>四六级>复习辅导>四级>四级辅导>语法>

英语四级语法题考点经典总结

2013-03-29 20:17新东方四六级微信号

  10)动名词复合结构

  动名词符合结构可以做主语、宾语和表语,在对动名词的考查中总是将其逻辑主语包括进来,形成动名词的复合结构:

  ① _____ in an atmosphere of simple living was what her parents

  wished for.(1999.1)

  A. The girl was educated   B. The girl educated

  C. The girl's being educated   D. The girl to be educated

  本题涉及题眼比较多,A,为从句做主语,但缺少that,D为不定式做主语,但缺少for(for the girl to be educated),B结构不能做主语,答案是C,为动名词的复合结构。

  ② Ann never dreams of _____ for her to be sent abroad very soon.

  A. there being a chance   B. there to be a chance

  C. there be a chance   D. being a chance

  介词后用动名词,表示存在时必须用there be句型,所以答案为A,这也是动名词复合结构,there为动名词的逻辑主语。

  ③ I don't mind _____ the decision as long as it is not too late.

  A. you to delay making   B. your delaying making

  C. you delaying to make   D. you delay to make (2000.1)

  Mind要求接动名词,动名词的逻辑主语用形容词性物主代词,答案自然是B。

  ④ I would appreciate _____ it a secret.(1995.6)

  A. your keeping   B. you to keep   C. that you keep   D. that you will keep

  本题与上一题类似,答案是A。

  2.非谓语动词解题策略

  1)正确判断非谓语动词

  这类题一般出现在独立主格结构中,如果在选项与句子之间没有连词,则说明,所选为独立主格结构,既名词或主格代词 + 分词。

  All things ______, the planned trip will have to be called off.

  A. considered   B. be considered   C. considering   D. having considered (1998.6)

  句子没有连词,说明所选结构不属于从句,那么就是独立主格做状语,根据动词与其逻辑主语之间的关系为动宾关系,答案应该是A。

  ____, a man who expresses himself effectively is sure to succeed more rapidly than a man whose command of language is poor.(1997.6)

  A. Other things being equal   B. Were other things equal C. To be equal to other things D. Other things to be equal

  做状语的可以是从句,但B的结构是虚拟条件,与这里不符,不表目的,C不对,不表将来,独立主格中非谓语动词不能是不定式,答案为A。

  4) 判断动名词复合结构的方式

  主语位置上,或动词、介词后的"名词代词 + 非谓语动词",如果表示的是一个事件则是动名词复合结构,而不是"名词 + 定语。请看以下各例:

  He insisted on the windows _____ open while he was sleeping.

  A. left   B. being left   C. leaving D  . be left

  insist on后不接从句,D可以排除。这里表达的是坚持要求"开着窗子睡觉",所以应该是动名词复合结构,答案为B。

  The road __________ caused us to be for our work for half an hour.

  A. blocked   B. was blocked   C. blocking   D. being blocked

  做主语的表示上班迟到的原因,自然应该是"交通堵塞",而不是"被堵的道路",所以还是动名词复合结构,答案为D。

  The concerned mother thrilled at the news of his son _________ to college.

  A. had been admitted   B. admitted   C. having been admitted   D. having admitted

  消息表达的应该是个事件,说明不是"被录取的孩子",介词of后不可能接从句,说明of后为动名词的复合结构,答案是C。

  3) 注意分析非谓语动词与其逻辑主语之间的关系

  正确判断非谓语动词与起逻辑主语之间的关系是正确选择非谓语动词形式的保证,不管是做什么成分的非谓语动词都体现以下特点:

  如果非谓语动词与逻辑主语之间是主谓关系,则用现在分词;

  如果非谓语动词与逻辑主语之间是动宾关系,则用过去分词;

  如果表示将来,则用动词不定式。

  这是非谓语动词运用的基本原则,然后再根据其不同的作用,掌握其更细的规则。如:

新东方四六级官方微信:四六级小助手 (koolearncet

四六级免费好课、四六级最新资讯、海量过级资料!
扫描上方二维码,关注免费领取!

资料下载

四级听力技巧规律总结

微信扫码关注新东方网服务号

即可立刻获取!

1
长按二维码"保存图片"或者"截屏"保存;
2
打开微信"扫一扫",或者保存图片后从手机相册进行识别;
3
识别二维码后,点击"关注"服务号,即可免费领取。

相关推荐

首页 中考 高考 考研 四六级 留学 托福 雅思 GRE GMAT SAT ACT 小学 英语 学前