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专家建议:在家办公如何提高工作效率?

中国日报网2020-03-16 11:16

  新冠肺炎疫情期间,很多公司开启在家办公模式,降低大家在通勤路上受感染的风险。但在家办公如何才能提高工作效率?英国《独立报》采访了GoDo商业组织创始人、生产效率培训师凯伦•埃尔-怀特,请她谈谈如何最大限度地提高在家办公的效率。

  Distinguish between work and home mode

  区分工作模式和家庭模式

  One of the biggest perks about working from home - slowly moving from bed to the sofa five minutes before you start - can also be your biggest challenge, says Eyre-White.

  埃尔-怀特说,上班前五分钟从床上慢慢挪到沙发上是在家办公最大的好处之一,也可能是最大的挑战。

  Don’t forget that you are there to work - so set yourself up the right way, get dressed and brush your teeth at the start of the day rather than sitting in your pyjamas for eight hours. “Switch from home to work mode,” she says, by having something you physically do to “flip the switch”.

  别忘了你是在上班——所以要把自己收拾好,穿好衣服,起床后刷牙,而不是穿着睡衣坐上8个小时。她说:“从家庭模式切换到工作模式”的方法是做些事情来“触动转换开关”。

  “Maybe it’s walking round the block, making a special kind of tea, or lighting a candle at your desk. It doesn’t matter what it is but do it without fail to create a strong association in your mind,” she says.

  她说:“绕着街区走一圈,泡一种特别的茶,或者在你的桌子上点一根蜡烛。做什么并不重要,但一定要在脑海中建立起一种强烈的联想。”

  Be realistic about what you can achieve

  设定目标要现实一点

  “A wide, open day working from home can feel full of possibilities. 145 things on the to do list? No problem! Don’t fall into the trap of being over-ambitious,” says Eyre-White.

  “在家办公时,开放的环境充满了各种可能性。145件待办事项?没问题!不要落入过于雄心壮志的陷阱”,埃尔-怀特说。

  Instead, she recommends being realistic and then possibly achieving more than you set out to; and feeling satisfied, rather than feeling disappointed you didn’t do everything.

  相反,她建议要现实一点,这样你可能实现的目标比预先设定的要多,你会感到满足,而不是因为没有完成所有事项而感到失望。

  She suggests choosing three to five things to do and aim to get the majority done before lunch. “We all slow down in the mid-afternoon and having a lot of your list under your belt will give you the momentum to power through,” she recommends.

  她建议选择三到五件事来做,并争取在午餐前完成大部分工作。她建议说:“我们都会在下午3点左右进入倦怠期,而已经完成了大部分事项会让你更加充满干劲。”

  mid-afternoon [mid 'aftə'nu:n]:n.下午三点左右

  Work in short bursts

  把工作时间分隔开来

  In the office your day is broken up by everything from meetings to water-cooler chats, lunch breaks and even toilet breaks, but when you are sat at home on your own with no face-to-face interaction planned it can be easy to just work for long, unbroken periods.

  在办公室里,你的一天被各种各样的事情打断,比如,会议到茶水间的闲聊,午餐休息,甚至是上厕所,但是当你独自坐在家里,没有面对面的交流计划时,你很容易长时间连续工作。

  “When we’re in the office our day is normally broken up with meetings. Although this can be frustrating, they divide the day up and create natural chunks of time,” explains Eyre-White. “ In contrast, a day at home can be very unstructured.”

  埃尔-怀特解释说:“我们在办公室的时候,我们的一天通常都被会议分成几段。尽管这可能令人沮丧,但会议能把一天的时间分割开来,创造出自然分隔开的大块时间。相比之下,在家的一天可能会没有规划。”

  In order to be productive she recommends imposing structure on yourself. For example, working in 45-60 minute chunks of focused work followed by a short break. “This can be an effective way to break the day up and maintain your concentration levels,” she says.

  为了提高工作效率,她建议把工作结构强加给自己。例如,集中精力工作45-60分钟,然后休息一小会儿。她说:“这是一种有效的把一天分隔开来的方法,可以让你工作时集中注意力。”

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